We live in an amazing world with full of wonderful wildlife around us. As you come to know more about the animals, birds and fishes, you will be amazed. The more you explore this world, the more you will love the strange, weird and funny facts!
Here are 111 incredible and weird facts about animals that will make you think again.
#1 Did you know that insects and fish do not blink! It is because they have no eyelids. Their eyes are protected by hardened lens provided by Mother Nature.
#2 The spine-tailed swift also known as White-throated Needletail is the fastest bird, flying at the speed of 170 km per hour. No wonder it has been named ‘swift’! To compare, the average car in India has the upper speed limit of only 120 km per hour.
#3 The blood pressure of a giraffe is the highest of all animals, can you guess why? The reason is that, for us humans, the distance between the head and heart is only 12 inches but the head of the giraffe is 7 feet above its heart, so it needs a lot of power to pump blood up. Compared to human blood pressure of 120/80, giraffe has systolic and diastolic of 300/200 mm Hg.
#4 So then how big and heavy does it make a giraffe’s heart? A lot! The weight of a giraffe’s heart can be up to 40 kg! No wonder a male adult giraffe can be as heavy as 1400 kilograms.
#5 The tallest animals in the world, the giraffe never ceases to wonder us! They have tongues that could be 21 inches long. That is almost 2 feet!
#6 Did you know that humans can see more colours than the domestic dog? They can see colours too, but you can perceive and read those better.
#7 Mammals cannot fly, except one. Only the bat!
#8 Here is trick question. What is that animal that you can only eat before they are born or after they are dead? Chicken! And fish! You can eat these in their egg or meat form.
#9 How long can you stay alright without eating? The scary tarantula spiders can stay up to two years without eating.
#10 Is it possible to stand as well as sleep? Humans cannot, nor can most animals. But some creatures like the cow and horse can get a good sleep while standing upright!
#11 How long can one sleep? Bears and many other creatures hibernate for two to three months. But the snail is the master at sleeping – the snail can sleep for three years at a stretch.
#12 Have you heard of the line “The quick brown fox jumps over a lazy dog”? This is a very unique sentence because uses every letter of the English alphabet.
#13 The heart of a shrimp is not located in its body. Its heart is in its head.
#14 If in any unfortunate case you ever get caught in the grip of a crocodile’s jaw, do not panic. There is a way out. Just push your thumb into its eyeballs and it will let you go instantly. Then of course run away as fast as you can. The armoured crocodile’s weakest point is its eyes and its soft underbelly.
#15 Think you work hard? But ants work harder than anybody else. Ants work all day and night and they never sleep.
#16 Do you know what is a group of owls called? A ‘parliament’ of owls.
#17 Never keep apple and pear seeds at home if you have pets. Those seeds contain arsenic, which could make dogs sick and even fatal if ingested in large quantity.
#18 We have only one stomach to digest our food. Cows need four stomachs to digest their food.
#19 The elephant is the biggest animal on land but the blue whale is the largest animal known anywhere on on earth. It is so big that one blue whale weighs as much as thirty full grown African elephants.
#20 There are many scary tales of the deadly Black Panther. It is considered more ferocious than lions. But the Black Panther is not a separate species, it is actually a black coloured leopard.
Related: Have you seen all the five big cats of India?
#21 Never try to outsmart the simple looking hippo. Hippos may look fat and slow but the truth is the opposite. A hippo can run faster than a human. In Africa, more people are killed by hippos every year than by lions.
#22 How many breeds of dogs can you identify? In fact, there are over 700 pure breed dogs identified in the world.
#23 Squirrels accidentally plant many, many trees. They plant millions of trees every year because they collect nuts for food, bury their nuts for later and many times forget where they kept hose nuts!
#24 Have you seen the bright coloured goldfish in aquariums? The goldfish needs light to keep up their bright colour. These fish lose their golden colour and become pale when these are kept in dim light. Similar to humans, they need sunlight or a bright light source to maintain their pigment colour.
#25 Do you want a trick to keep away the mosquitoes? Then stay away from blue clothes. Mosquitoes are attracted to the colour blue more than any other color.
#25 Our pupils in the eye vary from creature to creature. Cats and snakes have very interesting pupils that are oblong and can contract or expand depending upon light and stimulus. But more interesting is the pupil of the goat. It is one of the most unique pupils as goat’s eyes have rectangular pupils.
#26 How long can you sleep at a stretch? A snail can sleep for 3 years!
#27 Are you left or right handed? Generally animals use both their hands but the exception is the polar bear. All polar bears are seen to be left-handed.
#28 It is hard to believe but fishes do not talk to each other. A fish talks to the other by grating their teeth. This causes it to make sounds in their throat like a voice. A fish can also use their swim bladder to create various sounds to communicate between themselves.
#29 Hummingbirds are the only animal that can fly backwards.
#30 What is the name of the animal which comes first in a dictionary? It is an aardvark.
#31 Very loud sounds are harmful to the human ear. Sound louder than 85 decibels can damage your ear and make one deaf. Weird as it sounds, the blue whale is the loudest animal on earth. It can make sounds at 188 decibels. This sound can be heard from more than 800 kilometres away.
#32 Jesus was said to have walked on water. Named after his miraculous abilities, the Amazon jungle’s ‘Jesus Christ lizard’ can run over water!
#33 An easy one for you. Where can you find the kiwi? The answer is New Zealand.
#34 Never touch the lionfish. The colorful lionfish is covered in 18 needle-like fins that inject poison! They may kill you but would cause a lot of pain.
#35 What type of a creature is the African mudpuppy, or waterdog? Not a dog but is a type of salamander. Named for emitting a high-pitched squeaking sound reminiscent of a dog’s bark.
#36 The big bird ostrich is so strong that its muscular legs are powerful enough to kill a man!
#37 The rhesus monkey has been sent to space by scientists long before humans were sent.
#38 Which was then the first life to be sent to space by scientists? Not humans or monkeys. It is the rat!
#39 The narwhal is also called the “unicorn of the sea” due to an eight-foot tooth that sticks out like a horn.
Related: One footed men and dwarf elephants – see the cryptid mysteries of India
#40 A human child can learn to walk months after it is born but wildebeest calves learn to walk minutes after being born!
#41 You can find no two zebras which have the same stripes. Just like our fingerprints!
#42 There was a dinosaur fish called Xiphactinus Audux. It was a 17-foot long spiny fish that haunted the Late Cretaceous period with their massive teeth.
#43 Mosquitoes have 47 teeth.
#44 The Poison Arrow frog is highly poisonous. It has enough poison to kill more than 2,000 people!
#45 Can you walk backwards? Most animals can but an emu cannot.
#46 A group of kangaroos is called interestingly, a mob of kangaroos!
#47 A group of ravens is called what? A murder of ravens.
#48 What do you call a baby oyster? A spat.
#49 India has 50 million monkeys! That is a lot.
#50 How long can a goldfish remember your face? Only for 3 seconds. A Goldfish has a memory span of only 3 seconds.
#51 An octopus has 8 but a squid has 10 tentacles.
#52 Squids also have the largest eyes on the planet.
#53 When a horned toad is angry or threatened, what will it do? It will squirt blood from its eyes at you!
#54 Zebras cannot see the color orange!
#55 Can you sleep with one eye open? Dolphins can. Dolphins have the ability to let half of the brain sleep. The other half remains awake and alert. This half part of the brain will sleep when its turn comes. The reason believed is that dolphins have to come up for air after few minutes and to prevent from drowning.
#56 The stripes of a tiger are not only on the fur but as well as on their skin. Every tiger has its own unique stripe pattern.
#57 The biggest cat is the tiger! The tiger grows the most heavy to become the biggest species of the cat family.
#58 Tigers can be 3.3 metres (11 feet) long and weigh up to 300 kilograms (660 pounds). Yet they are extremely agile. Tigers can easily jump over 5 metres!
#59 Subspecies of the tiger are the Sumatran Tiger, Siberian Tiger, Royal Bengal Tiger, South China Tiger, Malayan Tiger and Indochinese Tiger.
#60 Tigers and lions hybrids were bred in zoos. These are known as ‘tigons’ and ‘ligers’. These animals grow throughout their lives and become bigger than the tiger and lion.
#61 All gorillas live in the African continent only. An adult male gorilla is called a silverback. He has silvery fur growing on the back and acts as the leader of the family who scares away other animals. He stands on his back legs and beats his chest!
#62 Though they look powerful, all gorillas are herbivores.
#63 The Kangaroo’s ancestors lived in trees! There are eight different kinds of tree kangaroos.
#64 A Woodpecker can peck 20 times per second.
#65 A moth has no stomach.
#66 Can you smell how far the food is? An elephant can smell water from 3 miles away.
#67 We have 206 bones in our whole body but a garden caterpillar has 248 muscles in its head.
#68 Can you say how happy your dog is now? Dr. Roger Mugford had invented a machine called the “wag-o-meter”. This device can tell a dog’s mood. It measures the frequency of the do wagging its tail and analyse it.
#69 The most poisonous fish in the whole world is the Stone fish.
#70 Killer Whales are not whales but are a species of dolphin.
#71 Which were the first animals domesticated by man? It was the goat.
#72 Do you fear animals? Then you have zoophobia.
#73 Never feed chocolates to dogs. Macadamia nuts, cooked onions, or anything with caffeine is also harmful to dogs.
#74 At birth, a panda is so tiny that it is smaller than a mouse and weighs about four ounces.
#75 Hummingbirds can beat their wings very fast. They can beat up to 60 to 80 times per second!
#76 Your teeth will stop growing one day but a rodent’s teeth never stop growing.
#77 The baby hippopotamus is born underwater!
#78 What is Taurophobia? It is the fear of bulls.
#79 What do you call a large group of goats? A herd.
#80 Squirrels cannot see the red colour.
#81 Sharks have been around on planet earth longer than the dinosaurs.
#82 We have two eyes but a butterfly has 12,000 eyes!
#83 A hippo’s sweat is pink in colour!
#84 Starfish have eight eyes – one at the end of each leg!
#85 After eating, a housefly will regurgitate its food and then eat it again!
#86 A tuna fish can swim 40 miles in a single day.
#87 Butterflies have their skeletons on the outside of their bodies! This is known as the exoskeleton.
#88 Are you scared of spiders? Then you have ‘arachnophobia’.
#89 What’s a Dumbledore? A dumbledore is an old English term for a type of bee.
#90 Snakes cannot blink! That is why their eyes look hypnotic.
#91 The Basenji is the only kind of dog in the world that cannot bark.
#92 The bull fighters use the colour red to make bulls angry but in truth bulls are color-blind.
#93 A baby goat is called a ‘kid’.
#94 Ichthyophobia is the fear of fish.
#95 What do you call a group of frogs? An army of frogs!
#96 Hyenas also eat the faeces of other animals!
#97 You cannot find ants in Iceland, Greenland and Antarctica.
#98 Hummingbirds are the only birds which can fly backwards also.
#99 The horn of a rhinoceros is made from compacted hair.
#100 Only the female mosquito actually bites humans.
#101 Giant Arctic jellyfish have tentacles that can be over 36 metres in length.
#102 Owls can turn their heads as much as 270 degrees!
#103 Female dolphins are called cows, males are called bulls and young dolphins are called calves.
#104 A leopard’s tail is about as long as its entire body. This helps to balance its body.
#105 The goldfish is the only known animal that can see both infra-red and ultra-violet light.
#106 By swallowing water, the Pufferfish protects itself from predators. It makes itself too big for other fish to swallow.
#107 Jellyfish evaporate in the sun! They’re 98% water!
#108 Cats do not meow to each other. They meow only to humans because humans respond to it.
#109 Clownfish are all born male. If there is a need for mating, they can become female.
#110 There is a strange species of penguin called the African Penguin. It is also referred as the Jackass penguin because this penguin calls like a donkey.
#111 More people get bitten by other people than sharks and wild animals biting humans.
We live in a beautiful and amazing natural world. Preserve and take good care of it.